Geographical Importance of Gwadar Port
Pakistan: Gwadar Port, the most extended coastal area, leased to Chinese company China Overseas Ports Holding Company for 43 years in November 2015, finally became operational for international trade on Sunday and Pakistan’s largest commercial activity from Gwadar Port. It has begun.
Sixty-two years ago, in 1954, when the area first became important, the city was part of Oman. The new face of Gwadar that has emerged today has the facility to trade with 196 countries globally through 4764 ships. Considering the tradition of trade through containers 224 years ago on this planet, the new era Gwadar Port facilities are a valuable addition.
Gwadar, which means “gate of air” The geographical importance of Gwadar Port spread over 637 acres can be gauged because access to the Persian Gulf is possible from here. At the same time, Gwadar Port can also be considered as an alternative to Dubai Port. Is.
If we look at the history of Gwadar, on September 8, 1958, Pakistan bought a small uninhabited area of Gwadar from Oman, which was considered a fish village, for Rs. 5.5 billion. At that time, Sultan Muhammad Shah, known as the Aga Khan, played a large part in paying this amount.
Two key clauses were added to the agreement.
(1) The whole of Balochistan will become a military base for Oman, as a result of which the Baloch will be an important part of the Omani forces.
(2) The resources of Gwadar will be further augmented.
On July 1, 1977, Gwadar was annexed to Balochistan. In 1993, the government of Pakistan formulated a plan to turn Gwadar into an international port and connect it to all major highways and railways in Pakistan. On March 22, 2002, government-run development work in Gwadar began. Phase 1 was completed in March 2007.
On March 20, 2007 Gwadar Port was inaugurated by President Pervez Musharraf. He was accompanied by then-Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz, Balochistan Governor Owais Ahmad Ghani, and then-Chinese Information Minister Li Shenglin. In March 2007, China provided 80% of the initial cost of the Gwadar port at 24 248 million Dollars.
President Pervez Musharraf announced Rs 5 crore for the development of Gwadar suburbs and assured that the federal government would provide another Rs 10 million for the provision of education, health and sewerage facilities in Gwadar. This was announced in 2015. More development work will be started in the city and port under the CPEC project at the cost of 1.62 billion Dollar
The project aimed to connect North Pakistan and West China through a port. The port will also prove to be the best source for bringing LNG, which will become the 2.5 billion Dollar Gwadar Nawabshah project under the Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline project. In this regard, construction was started in June 2016 in Gwadar Special Economic Zone, which is being constructed on an area of 2292 acres adjacent to the port. Here we take a look at the history of trade through liner ships and containers around the world.
According to the World Shipping Council, there are currently 400 liner services available, most of which run weekly. Initially, containers were placed in front of or behind the ship to deliver goods, and 60% of the goods were transported by sea each year. As a result, liner ship transport consisted of 60% of marine merchandise, including 4 trillion Dollars annually.
The World Shipping Council wrote on its website that the use of shipping containers is not uncommon. For example, modern container-style boxes were used in England in 1792 for transport in trains and horses.
During World War II, small containers were used in the United States to deliver goods efficiently and efficiently. However, in 1955, Malcolm McLean, a truck company owner in Carolina, USA, bought a steamship company. As a result, the work done by trucks could be done by ships.
They learned that it would be more efficient and easier to move a full container to another location. The website says that humans have been delivering goods by ship from the Bershabers to the ancient civilization of the Phoenicians, the Egyptians, the Greeks, the Romans, the Portuguese, the Spanish, and the British. Has its history.